The effective temperature for the thermal fluctuations in hot Brownian motion
Journal of Chemical Physics
We revisit the effective parameter description of hot Brownian motion -- a scenario where a colloidal particle is kept at an elevated temperature than the ambient fluid. Due to the time scale separation between heat diffusion and particle motion, a stationary halo of hot fluid is carried along with the particle, resulting in a spatially varying comoving temperature and viscosity profile. The resultant Brownian motion in the overdamped limit can be well described by a Langevin equation with
... tive parameters such as effective temperature T_ HBM and friction coefficient ζ_ HBM that quantifies the thermal fluctuations and the diffusivity of the particle. These parameters can exactly be calculated using the framework of fluctuating hydrodynamics. Additionally, it was also observed that configurational and the kinetic degrees of freedom admits to different effective temperatures, T^x_ HBM and T^v_ HBM, respectively, with the former predicted accurately from fluctuating hydrodynamics. A more rigorous calculation by Falasco et. al. Physical Review E , 90, 032131(2014) extends the overdamped description to a generalized Langevin equation where the effective temperature becomes frequency dependent and consequently, for any temperature measurement from a Brownian trajectory requires the knowledge of this frequency dependence. We use this framework to expand on this earlier work and look at the first order correction to the effective temperature. The effective temperature is calculated from the weighted average of the temperature field with the dissipation function. Further, we provide a closed form analytical result for effective temperature in the small as well high frequency limit and using this we determine the kinetic temperature from the generalized Langevin equation and the Wiener-Khinchine theorem.