New Molecular Targeted Therapy of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Jungmin Jo
2021 The Ewha Medical Journal  
Over the past decade, substantial advances have been made in the individualization of therapeutic strategies for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Treatment strategies have been developed and classified according to their molecular and genetic characteristics based on predictive biomarkers such as microsatellite instability, RAS and BRAF mutations, HER2 amplification, or NTRK fusions. As molecular and genetic predictive tests are routinely performed, new challenges for mCRC treatment
more » ... C treatment strategies are allowed. For patients responding to anti-epithelial growth factor receptor treatments, expanded biomarkers panels enable customized treatment to be selected and the optimal treatment can be determined. Patients with mCRC with the BRAF V600E mutation who did not have effective targeted treatments have effective therapeutic options. Attractive but rare targets, such as HER2 amplification and NTRK fusions, could be a breakthrough and the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in patients with mismatch repair deficiency/microsatellite instability is the striking revolution. In this review, we summarize the current landscape of targeted therapies for mCRC patients, with a focus on new developments for epithelial growth factor receptor blockade and emerging biomarkers. (Ewha Med J 2021;44(1):11-18)
doi:10.12771/emj.2021.44.1.11 fatcat:wdju5mrhqbec3nybl2jkscx3lm