The PKI in West Timor and Nusa Tenggara Timur 1965 and beyond

Steven Farram
2010 Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde  
and beyond This article examines the aftermath in West Timor, and elsewhere in the province of Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT), of the so-called coup attempt made in Jakarta, Indonesia, on the evening of 30 September-1 October 1965, which came to be known by the acronym G30S (Gerakan 30 September; 30 September Movement). The 'coup', which resulted in the deaths of six army generals, amongst others, was blamed on the Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI, Indonesian Communist Party). The PKI was subsequently
more » ... I was subsequently banned and many of its members and sympathizers died as the result of extra-judicial killings, often carried out or organized by the army. These killings were most widespread in Java and Bali, the main centres of PKI activity, but occurred in the outer-island provinces as well, including NTT. What follows is a brief assessment of the PKI's strength and support in NTT in 1965; the initial response to G30S in NTT; the first actions taken against the PKI; and descriptions of events later cited as examples of G30S plans for NTT. This is followed by some analysis of the killings that occurred in NTT after G30S, including consideration of numbers killed; who carried out the killings; those who were targeted; and the fate of those captured, but not executed. Consideration is also given to the ongoing effects of accusations of PKI membership in NTT and how the party has been viewed in the province in more recent times. First, however, it is important to say something about the sources used to write this article. A note on the sources Many of the published Indonesian sources about G30S were produced by the army or the New Order government led by General Soeharto, which came to Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde (BKI) 166-4 (2010):
doi:10.1163/22134379-90003608 fatcat:go254trfingj3pph4rjwvinpxa