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Psychological theories of categorization generally focus on either rule-or exemplar-based explanations. We present 2 experiments that show evidence of both rule induction and exemplar encoding as well as a connectionist model, ATRn.rM, that specifies a mechanism for combining rule-and exemplar-based representation. In 2 experiments participants learned to classify items, most of which followed a simple rule, although there were a few frequently occurring exceptions. Experiment 1 examined howdoi:10.1037//0096-34220.127.116.11 pmid:9622910 fatcat:vplj3izbpjakjfktfp4zk63kr4