The Establishment of Transformer-Based Computer-Aided Diagnosis Model to Improve the Classification Consistency of BI-RADS-US3–5 Nodules Among Radiologists: A Multi-Center Study [post]

Hongtao Ji, Qiang Zhu, Teng Ma, Yun Cheng, Shuai Zhou, Wei Ren, Huilian Huang, Wen He, Haitao Ran, Litao Ruan, Yanli Guo, Jiawei Tian (+14 others)
2021 unpublished
Background: Significant differences exist in classification outcomes for radiologists using ultrasonography-based breast imaging-reporting and data systems for diagnosing category 3–5 (BI-RADS-US 3–5) breast nodules, due to a lack of clear and distinguishing image features. As such, this study investigates the use of a transformer-based computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) model for improved BI-RADS-US 3–5 classification consistency.Methods: Five radiologists independently performed BI-RADS-US
more » ... ions on a breast ultrasonography image set collected from 20 hospitals in China. The data were divided into training, validation, testing, and sampling sets. The trained transformer-based CAD model was then used to classify test images, for which sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were calculated. Variations in these metrics among the 5 radiologists were analyzed by referencing BI-RADS-US classification results for the sampling test set, provided by CAD, to determine whether classification consistency (the kappa value),sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy had improved.Results: Classification accuracy for the CAD model applied to the test set was 95.7% for category 3 nodules, 97.6% for category 4A nodules, 95.60% for category 4B nodules, 94.2% for category 4C nodules, and 97.5% for category 5 nodules. Adjustments were made to 1,583 nodules, as 905 were classified to a higher category and 678 to a lower category in the sampling test set. As a result, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of classification by each radiologist improved, with the consistency (kappa values) for all radiologists increasing to >0.60.Conclusions: The proposed transformer-based CAD model improved BI-RADS-US 3–5 nodule classification by individual radiologists and increased diagnostic consistency.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:7nrgbvpuozftjdb74mz536px44