«Processual» Look at the World of the Human: from Nonclassical to Postnonclassical Anthropology
European Journal of Philosophical Research
In the nonclassical model of the human world distinction between the subject and the object, the individual and the environment, between the essence (substance) and the process is erased. It proceeds from the incompleteness of being and expresses doubt that the world already exists, and everything is in it as it is. In this sense, the human world is always open to change and needs an understanding of the Other. Its constitution implies continuous communication with this Other, which certifies
... , which certifies by its presence the fact of its existence. Postnonclassical anthropology in my understanding seeks to overcome the relativism and particularism of nonclassical ideas about man. It tends toward polycentricity and the combination of the cognitive capabilities of substantionalism and the procedural approach. Therefore, there may be several centers in the human world, each of which assumes its own way of meaning (meaning of life, life strategies, etc.). It is regarded as a «territory of meanings», the integrity and unity of which is supplemented by its split and multiplicity. The procedural methodology is the most suitable for the study of the world of human life. However, its supporters, opposing their approach to substantionalism, interpret it using the principles of «out-of-the-ordinary» and ontological freedom, which is not a sufficient basis. The procedural approach presupposes such criteria as the «intuition of the process», the change in the quality of being (the «shift of being»), the subject-predicate cohesion, the existence of a life project (as the image of the «house of being»), the production of events (autopoiesis) and etc.