An Extended Conformation of the Macrophage Mannose Receptor
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The macrophage mannose receptor mediates phagocytosis of pathogenic microorganisms and endocytosis of potentially harmful soluble glycoproteins by recognition of their defining carbohydrate structures. The mannose receptor is the prototype for a family of receptors each having an extracellular region consisting of 8 -10 domains related to C-type carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs), a fibronectin type II repeat and an N-terminal cysteine-rich domain. Hydrodynamic analysis and proteolysis
... riments performed on fragments of the extracellular region of the receptor have been used to investigate its conformation. Size and shape parameters derived from sedimentation and diffusion coefficients indicate that the receptor is a monomeric, elongated and asymmetric molecule. Proteolysis experiments indicate the presence of close contacts between several pairs of domains and exposed linker regions separating CRDs 3 and 6 from their neighboring domains. Hydrodynamic coefficients predicted for modeled receptor conformations are consistent with an extended conformation with close contacts between three pairs of CRDs. The N-terminal cysteine-rich domain and the fibronectin type II repeat appear to increase the rigidity of the molecule. The rigid, extended conformation of the receptor places domains with different functions at distinct positions with respect to the membrane. . 1 The abbreviations used are: CRD, carbohydrate recognition domain; MMR, macrophage mannose receptor; MALDI-MS, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry; MOPS, 2-(Nmorpholino)ethanesulfonic acid; R S , Stokes radius.