HAP40 protein levels are huntingtin-dependent and decrease in Huntington disease

Bin Huang, Manuel Seefelder, Eva Buck, Tatjana Engler, Katrin S. Lindenberg, Fabrice Klein, G. Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, Stefan Kochanek
2021 Neurobiology of Disease  
The huntingtin-associated protein 40 (HAP40) is an abundant interactor of huntingtin (HTT). In complexes of these proteins, HAP40 tightly binds to HTT in a cleft formed by two larger domains rich in HEAT repeats, and a smaller bridge domain connecting the two. We show that HAP40 steady-state protein levels are directly dependent on HTT (both normal and mutant HTT) and that HAP40 is strongly stabilized by the interaction with HTT resulting in an at least 5-fold increase in HAP40's half-life when
more » ... bound to HTT. Cellular HAP40 protein levels were reduced in primary fibroblasts and lymphoblasts of Huntington Disease (HD) patients and in brain tissue of a full-length HTT mouse model of HD, concomitant with decreased soluble HTT levels in these cell types. This data and our previous demonstration of coevolution between HTT and HAP40 and evolutionary conservation of their interaction suggest that HAP40 is an obligate interaction partner of HTT. Our observation of reduced HAP40 levels in HD invites further studies, whether HAP40 loss-of-function contributes to the pathophysiology of HD.
doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2021.105476 pmid:34390835 fatcat:vkjknuufczg4va4fcamxrhdi7e