Two-Dimensional Imaging of Gauge Fields in Optical Lattices

Jaeyoon Cho, M. S. Kim
2011 Physical Review Letters  
We propose a scheme to generate an arbitrary Abelian vector potential for atoms trapped in a two-dimensional optical lattice. By making the optical lattice potential dependent on the atomic state, we transform the problem into that of a two-dimensional imaging. It is shown that an arbitrarily fine pattern of the gauge field in the lattice can be realized without need of diffraction-limited imaging.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.107.260402 pmid:22243142 fatcat:kwynotx2ajaynfbmgkiyu5uxsy