Evolution of the ISM of starburst galaxies: The SN heating efficiency

C. Melioli, E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino
2004 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
The interstellar medium heated by SN explosions may acquire an expansion velocity larger than the escape velocity and leave the galaxy through a supersonic wind. SN ejecta are transported out of the galaxies by such winds which thus affect the chemical evolution of the galaxies. The effectiveness of the processes mentioned above depends on the heating efficiency (HE) of the SNe, that is a matter of debate. We have constructed a simple semi-analytic model, considering the essential ingredients
more » ... ntial ingredients of a SB environment which is able to qualitatively trace the thermalisation history of the ISM in a SB region and determine the HE evolution. We find that, as long as the mass-loss rate of the clouds remains larger than the rate at which the SNRs interact one with each other, the SN heating efficiency remains very small, as radiative cooling of the gas dominates. We conclude that the HE value has a time-dependent trend that is sensitive to the initial conditions of the system.
doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20035750 fatcat:zsa5u2os7bcppdptumw4e4tkte