A study on the structure of the convective atmosphere over the Bay of Bengal during BOBMEX-99

U. C. Mohanty, N. V. Sam, S. Das, A. N. V. Satyanarayana
2003 Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences  
Convective activity is one of the major processes in the atmosphere influencing the local and largescale weather in the tropics. The latent heat released by the cumulus cloud is known to drive monsoon circulation, which on the other hand supplies the moisture that maintains the cumulus clouds. An investigation is carried out on the convective structure of the atmosphere during active and suppressed periods of convection using data sets obtained from the Bay of Bengal and Monsoon Experiment
more » ... oon Experiment (BOBMEX). The cumulus convection though being a small-scale phenomenon, still influences its embedding environment by interaction through various scales. This study shows the variation in the kinematic and convective parameters during the transition from suppressed to active periods of convection. Convergence in the lower levels and strong upward vertical velocity, significant during active convection are associated with the formation of monsoon depressions. The apparent heat source due to latent heat release and the vertical transport of the eddy heat by cumulus convection, and the apparent moisture sink due to net condensation and vertical divergence of the eddy transport of moisture, are estimated through residuals of the thermodynamic equation and examined in relation to monsoon activity during BOBMEX. the large-scale circulation of the troposphere. Much attention is given to the diagnostic study of the interaction processes. Yanai et al (1973) devel-
doi:10.1007/bf02701984 fatcat:akhu65dnone4finxobafrecw3q