Spatial variations in zooplankton community structure along the Japanese coastline in the Japan Sea: influence of the coastal current

Taketoshi Kodama, Taku Wagawa, Naoki Iguchi, Yoshitake Takada, Takashi Takahashi, Ken-Ichi Fukudome, Haruyuki Morimoto, Tsuneo Goto
2018 Ocean Science (OS)  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> This study evaluates spatial variations in zooplankton community structure and potential controlling factors along the Japanese coast under the influence of the coastal branch of the Tsushima Warm Current (CBTWC). Variations in the density of morphologically identified zooplankton in the surface layer in May were investigated for a 15-year period. The density of zooplankton (individuals per cubic meter) varied between sampling stations, but there was no consistent
more » ... was no consistent west–east trend. Instead, there were different zooplankton community structures in the west and east, with that in Toyama Bay particularly distinct: <i>Corycaeus affinis</i> and <i>Calanus sinicus</i> were dominant in the west and <i>Oithona atlantica</i> was dominant in Toyama Bay. Distance-based redundancy analysis (db-RDA) was used to characterize the variation in zooplankton community structure, and four axes (RD1–4) provided significant explanation. RD2–4 only explained &amp;lt; <span class="thinspace"></span>4.8<span class="thinspace"></span>% of variation in the zooplankton community and did not show significant spatial difference; however, RD1, which explained 89.9<span class="thinspace"></span>% of variation, did vary spatially. Positive and negative species scores on RD1 represent warm- and cold-water species, respectively, and their variation was mainly explained by water column mean temperature, and it is considered to vary spatially with the CBTWC. The CBTWC intrusion to the cold Toyama Bay is weak and occasional due to the submarine canyon structure of the bay. Therefore, the varying bathymetric characteristics along the Japanese coast of the Japan Sea generate the spatial variation in zooplankton community structure, and dominance of warm-water species can be considered an indicator of the CBTWC.</p>
doi:10.5194/os-14-355-2018 fatcat:kuermnthpfcrpl6w54jt2r3xbu