Local Factor Analysis with Automatic Model Selection: A Comparative Study and Digits Recognition Application [chapter]

Lei Shi, Lei Xu
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Local factor analysis (LFA) is regarded as an efficient approach that implements local feature extraction and dimensionality reduction. A further investigation is made on an automatic BYY harmony data smoothing LFA (LFA-HDS) from the Bayesian Ying-Yang (BYY) harmony learning point of view. On the level of regularization, an data smoothing based regularization technique is adapted into this automatic LFA-HDS learning for problems with small sample sizes, while on the level of model selection,
more » ... proposed automatic LFA-HDS algorithm makes parameter learning with automatic determination of both the component number and the factor number in each component. A comparative study has been conducted on simulated data sets and several real problem data sets. The algorithm has been compared with not only a recent approach called Incremental Mixture of Factor Analysers (IMoFA) but also the conventional two-stage implementation of maximum likelihood (ML) plus model selection, namely, using the EM algorithm for parameter learning on a series candidate models, and selecting one best candidate by AIC, CAIC, BIC, and cross-validation (CV). Experiments have shown that IMoFA and ML-BIC, ML-CV outperform ML-AIC or ML-CAIC. Interestingly, the data smoothing BYY harmony learning obtains comparably desired results compared to IMoFA and ML-BIC but with much less computational cost.
doi:10.1007/11840930_27 fatcat:w67mmfaktfgvbauudjtxbqjkf4