Freedom of information reform in China: information flow analysis

Weibing Xiao
2013 International Review of Administrative Sciences  
Most non-Chinese scholars have approached Freedom of Information (FOi) in China as a recent, strange and intriguing phenomenon. This thesis uses an array of Chinese sources, interviews with Chinese officials and citizens and information flow analysis to propose a more complex and detailed understanding of the evolution of FOi in China. The thesis argues that information flow, a theme to explore the gradual development of government receptivity to FOi in an information environment through time,
more » ... an be used as a new explanatory model for FOi reform in a jurisdiction. China serves as an example to substantiate this argument. The origins of China's FOI legislation need to be understood within the context of improved information flow conditions resulting from multifaceted factors, including social, political, legal and economic ones. This improved information flow has constituted an enabling environment for the adoption of FOi legislation. This thesis also argues that it is necessary to reassess the widely divergent origins of FOi reform in China. By applying information flow analysis, the thesis asserts that social, political and legal factors should be accorded central roles in understanding the development of FOi in China. Economic growth and anti-corruption efforts in the process should be allocated important but secondary roles. This thesis uses information flow analysis to find that FOi reform in China formed part of a much longer process of increased transparency in the Chinese information environment, which gradually shifted from the acceptance of proactive disclosure to that of reactive disclosure. FOi thus has become a beneficiary of this gradual transformation of the Chinese information environment. This is the reason China has adopted a push model of FOi legislation stressing proactive disclosure of government information, which differs from many countries that have introduced a pull version of FOi legislation emphasising reactive disclosure through responses to access requests. iii The thesis maintains that existing compliance analysis focuses heavily on reactive disclosure, and thus is restricted in its application to China. It therefore utilises a revised compliance analysis model that focuses on both proactive and reactive disclosure. The revised model incorporates findings from empirical research conducted in China, allowing a more effective and dynamic analysis of compliance issues in China. Whilst information flow analysis in this thesis is limited in its application to an explanation of China's FOI phenomenon, it may have wider applicability as it is a dynamic and systematic explanatory framework for FOL iv
doi:10.1177/0020852313500598 fatcat:zd523264vzgnfiwmwwwhl5676i