Formate Cycle: The Third Way in Green Energy
International journal of chemical Engineering and Applications
The prospects of the formate cycle are considered: the fixation of CO 2 from the atmosphere in the form of formic acid in low-temperature electrochemical reduction, and further use of formic acid (formates). A brief review of effective catalysts (in particular -without the use of platinoids) for the direct oxidation of formates in a fuel cell and for the decomposition of formates with hydrogen evolution is given in the aspect of "green energy". Perspectives of formates, as a hydrogen
... hydrogen accumulator, and as a carbon monoxide (CO) accumulator are shown. Particular attention is paid to the dual use of formate, as a combined raw material for the Fischer-Tropsch process, which allows a simple, technological and cost-effective production of synthetic liquid fuel (ergic-gasoline) suitable for classic automotive engines. It was suggested that formic acid should be used as an energy carrier produced in solar or wind power plants as a buffer reserve or a commercial product. Index Terms-Formic acid, hydrogen accumulator, Fischer-Tropsch process.