Cognitive and Opportunistic Relay for QoS Guarantees in Machine-to-Machine Communications

Shih-Chun Lin, Kwang-Cheng Chen
2016 IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing  
Deploying spectrum sharing machine-to-machine (M2M) communications with the existing wireless networks achieves ubiquitous data transportation among objects and the surrounding environment to benefit our daily life. However, the lack of schemes to completely characterize M2M network topology, to efficiently share radio resource, and to provide quality-of-service (QoS) guarantee regarding end-to-end delay creates challenges to practically facilitate M2M communications. Via mathematical
more » ... hematical derivations, the network connectivity, degree distribution, and average distance are provided for large M2M networks. To achieve reliable communications upon such M2M networks, inspired by cognitive radio technology and cooperative communications, a cognitive and opportunistic relay (COR) scheme is proposed. Specifically, machines with the proposed COR autonomously sense the primary systems' spectrum usage so as to mitigate detractive interference and adopt opportunistic forwarder selection for lower link delay of packet transmissions. Furthermore, by analytical deriving the effective capacity of the COR over connected M2M networks, the throughput under statistical QoS guarantee and the corresponding delay violation probability are proposed to specify the QoS guarantee capability of the networks and thus suggest the conditions of dependable end-to-end transmissions. Simulation results confirm that the proposed COR effectively achieves the delay guarantee performance, to yield a novel framework for facilitating reliable M2M communications in large machine networks. Index Terms-Machine-to-machine (M2M) communications, quality-of-service (QoS), effective capacity, cognitive radio, cooperative relay, opportunistic forwarding, ad hoc networks S. C. Lin is with the
doi:10.1109/tmc.2015.2421931 fatcat:y7xaimht7jdnllrbfldvzjjteu