An LSTM with Differential Structure and Its Application in Action Recognition
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Because of the broad application of human action recognition technology, action recognition has always been a hot spot in computer vision research. The Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network is a classic action recognition algorithm, and many effective hybrid algorithms have been proposed based on basic LSTM infrastructure. Although some progress has been made in accuracy, most of those hybrid algorithms have to have more and more complex structures and deeper network levels. After analyzing the
... structure of the classic LSTM from the perspective of control theory, we determined that the classic LSTM could strengthen the differential characteristics of human action recognition technology to reflect the change of speed. Thus, an improved LSTM structure with an input differential characteristic module is proposed. Furthermore, in this article, we considered the influence of first-order and second-order differential on the extraction of movement pose information, that is, the influence of movement speed and acceleration on action recognition. We designed four different LSTM units with first-order and second-order differential. Moreover, the experiments were performed for the four units on three common datasets repeatedly. We found that the LSTM network with the input differential feature module proposed in this article can effectively improve action recognition accuracy and stability without deepening the complexity of the network and can be used as a new basic LSTM network architecture.