Effect of Carbon Emission and Human Errors on a Two-Echelon Supply Chain under Permissible Delay in Payments

Manavi Gilotra, Sarla Pareek, Mandeep Mittal, Vinti Dhaka
2020 International journal of mathematical, engineering and management sciences  
Environmental worries in production and inventory models have received large attention in inventory management literature. In this paper, an economic production model is proposed with two-echelon supply chain when trade credit is offered by the supplier. This paper proposes human errors of Type I and Type II due to fatigue and inexperience of the inspector during screening. It considers the use of energy for production along with greenhouse gases (GHG) emission from production and
more » ... n and transportation operations. The developed model optimizes the environmental and economic performances of the supply chain. Our aim is to explore the effects of human errors during inspection on the emission cost, transportation cost and delay in payment on the replenishment of order sizes and the expected total profit of the retailer. A mathematical model is developed and numerical examples are provided to illustrate the solution procedure.
doi:10.33889/ijmems.2020.5.2.018 fatcat:cvxtfwsxyfe3xlkueop2vt4tly