Lens galaxy environments and anomalous flux ratios in gravitational lenses

M. Oguri
2005 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters  
The fraction of substructures required to account for anomalous flux ratios in gravitational lens systems appears to be higher than that predicted in the standard cold dark matter cosmology. We present a possible alternative route to anomalous flux ratios from lens galaxy environments. We consider the compound lens system such that a lens galaxy lie in a group or cluster, and estimate the contribution of substructures in the group/cluster to the fraction using an analytic model of
more » ... We find that the contribution becomes dominant when the impact parameter of the lens is less than ~30% of the virial radius of the group/cluster. This indicates that the environmental effect can partly explain the high incidence of anomalous flux ratios.
doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2005.00061.x fatcat:h7rirdagn5ewfcxdftbxgngwiq