Metropolization and Polycentrism in the European Urban System [chapter]

Celine Rozenblat, Denise Pumain
2018 International and Transnational Perspectives on Urban Systems  
In the time when Europe needs to strengthen its territorial cohesion and its global competitiveness, this chapter questions the integration and unity of the European urban system inherited from the long-term history as well as from the shortest-term division and reunification occurring during the second half of the 20 th century. First, we recall problems linked with the conceptual definition and delineation of cities and specify the inherited sociospatial framework. We then detail the
more » ... nt evolution of the European urban system during the second half of the 20 th century and in the beginning of this millennium due to two main processes of social and economic transition. Analyzing the concentration of activities in specialized cities enables to find metropolization processes following two different qualitative modes dividing Europe between Eastern and Western countries. Then, we discuss the question of polycentrism at different scales in connection with European policies.
doi:10.1007/978-981-10-7799-9_6 fatcat:3krxcskefjctrlzih3cpjtivoq