Approaches for Joint Retrieval of Wind Speed and Significant Wave Height and Further Improvement for Tiangong-2 Interferometric Imaging Radar Altimeter

Guo Li, Yunhua Zhang, Xiao Dong
2022 Remote Sensing  
The interferometric imaging radar altimeter (InIRA) adopts a short baseline along with small incidence angles to acquire interferometric signals from the sea surface with high accuracy, thus the wide-swath sea surface height (SSH) and backscattering coefficient (σ0) can be obtained simultaneously. This work presents an approach to jointly retrieve the wind speed and significant wave height (SWH) for the Chinese Tiangong-2 interferometric imaging radar altimeter (TG2-InIRA). This approach
more » ... s a multilayer perceptron (MLP) joint retrieval model based on σ0 and SSH data. By comparing with the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis data, the root mean square errors (RMSEs) of the retrieved wind speed and the SWH are 1.27 m/s and 0.36 m, respectively. Based on the retrieved SWH, two enhanced wind speed retrieval models are developed for high sea states and low sea states, respectively. The results show that the RMSE of the retrieved wind speed is 1.12 m/s when the SWHs < 4 m; the RMSE is 0.73 m/s when the SWHs ≥ 4 m. Similarly, two enhanced SWH retrieval models for relatively larger and relatively smaller wind speed regions are developed based on the retrieved wind speed with corresponding RMSEs of 0.19 m and 0.16 m, respectively. The comparison between the retrieved results and the buoy data shows that they are highly consistent. The results show that the additional information of SWH can be used to improve the accuracy of wind speed retrieval at small incidence angles, and also the additional information of wind speed can be used to improve the SWH retrieval. The stronger the correlation between wind speed and SWH, the greater the improvement of the retrieved results. The proposed method can achieve joint retrieval of wind speed and SWH accurately, which complements the existing wind speed and SWH retrieval methods for InIRA.
doi:10.3390/rs14081930 fatcat:ff425sk3sfhmxgp455vh2ygely