On the Connection Between Quantum Pseudorandomness and Quantum Hardware Assumptions [article]

Mina Doosti, Niraj Kumar, Elham Kashefi, Kaushik Chakraborty
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This paper, for the first time, addresses the questions related to the connections between the quantum pseudorandomness and quantum hardware assumptions, specifically quantum physical unclonable functions (qPUFs). Our results show that the efficient pseudorandom quantum states (PRS) are sufficient to construct the challenge set for the universally unforgeable qPUF, improving the previous existing constructions that are based on the Haar-random states. We also show that both the qPUFs and the
more » ... ntum pseudorandom unitaries (PRUs) can be constructed from each other, providing new ways to obtain PRS from the hardware assumptions. Moreover, we provide a sufficient condition (in terms of the diamond norm) that a set of unitaries should have to be a PRU in order to construct a universally unforgeable qPUF, giving yet another novel insight into the properties of the PRUs. Later, as an application of our results, we show that the efficiency of an existing qPUF-based client-server identification protocol can be improved without losing the security requirements of the protocol.
arXiv:2110.11724v2 fatcat:gltbdnfkjfh63ao6eiedf2gtmm