A novel nuclear marker and development of an ARMS-PCR assay targeting the metallopeptidase 10 (nas 10) locus to identify the species of the Anisakis simplex (s. l.) complex (Nematoda, Anisakidae)
Un nouveau marqueur nucléaire et développement d'un test ARMS-PCR ciblant le locus de la métallopeptidase 10 (nas 10) pour identifier les espèces du complexe Anisakis simplex (s. l.) (Nematoda, Anisakidae)

Marialetizia Palomba, Michela Paoletti, Stephen C. Webb, Giuseppe Nascetti, Simonetta Mattiucci
2020 Parasite  
The genus Anisakis represents one of the most widespread groups of ascaridoid nematodes in the marine ecosystem. Three closely related taxa are recognized in the Anisakis simplex (s. l.) complex: A. pegreffii, A. simplex (s. s.) and A. berlandi. They are widely distributed in populations of their intermediate/paratenic hosts (fish and squids) and definitive hosts (cetaceans). A novel nuclear gene locus, metallopeptidase 10 (nas 10) (451 bp), was sequenced and validated on a total of 219
more » ... otal of 219 specimens of the three species of Anisakis, collected in fish and cetacean hosts from allopatric areas included in their ranges of distribution. The specimens of Anisakis were first identified by allozymes and sequence analysis of the mtDNA cox2 and EF1α-1 nDNA. The novel nuclear marker has shown fixed alternative nucleotide positions in the three species, i.e. diagnostic at 100%, permitting the species determination of a large number of specimens analyzed in the present study. In addition, primers to be used for amplification-refractory mutation system (ARMS) PCR of the same gene locus were designed at these nucleotide positions. Thus, direct genotyping determination, by double ARMS, was developed and validated on 219 specimens belonging to the three species. Complete concordance was observed between the tetra-primer ARMS-PCR assays and direct sequencing results obtained for the nas 10 gene locus. The novel nuclear diagnostic marker will be useful in future studies on a multi-locus genotyping approach and also to study possible hybridization and/or introgression events occurring between the three species in sympatric areas.
doi:10.1051/parasite/2020033 pmid:32452357 fatcat:radw533yifamlk7vxmhf5nme6q