Standardization of Methods for Early Diagnosis and On-Site Treatment of High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema

Qiquan Zhou
2011 Pulmonary Medicine  
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life-threatening disease of high altitude that often affects nonacclimatized apparently healthy individuals who rapidly ascend to high altitude. Early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment are essential to maintain the safety of people who ascend to high altitude, such as construction workers and tourists. In this paper, I discuss various methods and criteria that can be used for the early diagnosis and prediction of HAPE. I also discuss the
more » ... eventive strategies and options for on-site treatment. My objective is to improve the understanding of HAPE and to highlight the need for prevention, early diagnosis, and early treatment of HAPE to improve the safety of individuals ascending to high altitude.
doi:10.1155/2011/190648 pmid:21660284 pmcid:PMC3109313 fatcat:4e6pru2kjrht7hqacs4yshy4ey