Efficient quantum computation of molecular forces and other energy gradients [article]

Thomas E. O'Brien, Michael Streif, Nicholas C. Rubin, Raffaele Santagati, Yuan Su, William J. Huggins, Joshua J. Goings, Nikolaj Moll, Elica Kyoseva, Matthias Degroote, Christofer S. Tautermann, Joonho Lee (+3 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
While most work on the quantum simulation of chemistry has focused on computing energy surfaces, a similarly important application requiring subtly different algorithms is the computation of energy derivatives. Almost all molecular properties can be expressed an energy derivative, including molecular forces, which are essential for applications such as molecular dynamics simulations. Here, we introduce new quantum algorithms for computing molecular energy derivatives with significantly lower
more » ... plexity than prior methods. Under cost models appropriate for noisy-intermediate scale quantum devices we demonstrate how low rank factorizations and other tomography schemes can be optimized for energy derivative calculations. We perform numerics revealing that our techniques reduce the number of circuit repetitions required by many orders of magnitude for even modest systems. In the context of fault-tolerant algorithms, we develop new methods of estimating energy derivatives with Heisenberg limited scaling incorporating state-of-the-art techniques for block encoding fermionic operators. Our results suggest that the calculation of forces on a single nucleus may be of similar cost to estimating energies of chemical systems, but that further developments are needed for quantum computers to meaningfully assist with molecular dynamics simulations.
arXiv:2111.12437v2 fatcat:ofyto6uu2ngs5cikeyxf7ut4ci