Couple adjustment and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in National Guard veterans of the Iraq war

Christopher R. Erbes, Laura A. Meis, Melissa A. Polusny, Jill S. Compton
2011 Journal of family psychology  
Relationship adjustment and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were assessed across two time points in a sample of 313 married or partnered National Guard soldiers recently returned from combat duty in Iraq. Structural equation modeling using a four-factor model for PTSD found the latent variable dysphoria (reflecting generalized distress including aspects of emotional numbing and arousal) had the strongest independent contribution to predicting relationship adjustment at Time 1 and
more » ... ment at Time 1 and indirectly predicted poorer relationship adjustment at Time 2. Exploratory analysis of gender differences (n ϭ 33 women; n ϭ 280 men) suggested a different pattern of relations between PTSD factors and relationship adjustment among female soldiers at Time 1, with a trend toward trauma specific avoidance being more highly related to relationship adjustment. Clinical and research implications are discussed.
doi:10.1037/a0024007 pmid:21639633 fatcat:vzef6mqhzfdhvgsejb6goccpme