Assembling genomes on large-scale parallel computers

A. Kalyanaraman, S.J. Emrich, P.S. Schnable, S. Aluru
2006 Proceedings 20th IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium  
Assembly of large genomes from tens of millions of short genomic fragments is computationally demanding requiring hundreds of gigabytes of memory and tens of thousands of CPU hours. The advent of high throughput sequencing technologies, new gene-enrichment sequencing strategies, and collective sequencing of environmental samples further exacerbate this situation. In this paper, we present the first massively parallel genome assembly framework. The unique features of our approach include
more » ... ficient and on-demand algorithms that consume only linear space, and strategies to reduce the number of expensive pairwise sequence alignments while maintaining assembly quality. Developed as part of the ongoing efforts in maize genome sequencing, we applied our assembly framework to genomic data containing a mixture of gene enriched and random shotgun sequences. We report the partitioning of more than 1.6 million fragments of over 1.25 billion nucleotides total size into genomic islands in under 2 h on 1024 processors of an IBM BlueGene/L supercomputer. We also demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach for traditional whole genome shotgun sequencing and assembly of environmental sequences.
doi:10.1109/ipdps.2006.1639259 dblp:conf/ipps/KalyanaramanESA06 fatcat:yufjb6ql6bg6lmbv663oe2gipq