From Open CNC Systems to Cyber-Physical Machine Tools: A Case Study

Changyi Deng, Ruifeng Guo, Pai Zheng, Chao Liu, Xun Xu, Ray Y. Zhong
2018 Procedia CIRP  
In today's business environment, the trend towards more product variety and customization is unbroken. Due to this development, the need of agile and reconfigurable production systems emerged to cope with various products and product families. To design and optimize production systems as well as to choose the optimal product matches, product analysis methods are needed. Indeed, most of the known methods aim to analyze a product or one product family on the physical level. Different product
more » ... ies, however, may differ largely in terms of the number and nature of components. This fact impedes an efficient comparison and choice of appropriate product family combinations for the production system. A new methodology is proposed to analyze existing products in view of their functional and physical architecture. The aim is to cluster these products in new assembly oriented product families for the optimization of existing assembly lines and the creation of future reconfigurable assembly systems. Based on Datum Flow Chain, the physical structure of the products is analyzed. Functional subassemblies are identified, and a functional analysis is performed. Moreover, a hybrid functional and physical architecture graph (HyFPAG) is the output which depicts the similarity between product families by providing design support to both, production system planners and product designers. An illustrative example of a nail-clipper is used to explain the proposed methodology. An industrial case study on two product families of steering columns of thyssenkrupp Presta France is then carried out to give a first industrial evaluation of the proposed approach. Abstract The aim of next-generation Computer Numerical Control (CNC) is shifting from an open architecture, which has better flexibility, adaptability, versatility and expansibility, to a cyber-physical model, which offers real-time monitoring and control of the machining processes. This paper introduces a real case study to demonstrate such tendency from Open CNC systems to Cyber-Physical Machine Tools (CPMT) based on a low-power embedded platform. Firstly, a new open CNC architecture is presented, which is able to achieve high-precision, high-efficiency, and low-power consumption. Secondly, the open CNC architecture is extended to a CPMT by using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), where WSN is utilized to enable monitor and control the machining processes, and the integrated development platform is termed as CPMT. Finally, a case of health monitoring system for CPMT is designed and its system testing is carried out. Abstract The aim of next-generation Computer Numerical Control (CNC) is shifting from an open architecture, which has better flexibility, adaptability, versatility and expansibility, to a cyber-physical model, which offers real-time monitoring and control of the machining processes. This paper introduces a real case study to demonstrate such tendency from Open CNC systems to Cyber-Physical Machine Tools (CPMT) based on a low-power embedded platform. Firstly, a new open CNC architecture is presented, which is able to achieve high-precision, high-efficiency, and low-power consumption. Secondly, the open CNC architecture is extended to a CPMT by using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), where WSN is utilized to enable monitor and control the machining processes, and the integrated development platform is termed as CPMT. Finally, a case of health monitoring system for CPMT is designed and its system testing is carried out.
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2018.03.110 fatcat:2l4st7lmxfb6ljipzzjor6ca4a