Chemical Feedback in Templated Reaction-Assembly Networks [component]

Chemical feedback between building block synthesis and their subsequent supramolecular self-assembly into nanostructures has profound effects on assembly pathways. Nature harnesses feedback in reaction-assembly networks in a variety of scenarios including virion formation and protein folding. Also in nanomaterial synthesis, reaction-assembly networks have emerged as a promising control strategy to regulate assembly processes. Yet, how chemical feedback affects the fundamental pathways of
more » ... re formation remains unclear. Here, we unravel the pathways of a templated reaction-assembly network that couples a covalent polymerization to an electrostatic coassembly process. We show how the supramolecular staging of building blocks at a macromolecular template can accelerate the polymerization reaction and prevent the formation of kinetically trapped structures inherent to the process in the absence of feedback. Finally, we establish a predictive kinetic reaction model that quantitatively describes the pathways underlying these reaction-assembly networks. Our results shed light on the fundamental mechanisms by which chemical feedback can steer self-assembly reactions and can be used to rationally design new nanostructures.
doi:10.1021/acs.macromol.0c01915.s001 fatcat:gysukgyz5nau7kp5nnvs7nseli