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Chemical Deicer Poisoning was Suspected as a Cause of the 2005-2006 Wintertime Mortality of Small Wild Birds in Hokkaido
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Many small wild birds died in the 2005-2006 wintertime in Hokkaido. Thirteen birds were pathologically examined and it was attempted to detect West Nile and influenza viruses from their organs. Consecutive pathological changes were fresh hemorrhage and acute circulatory failure. Viral detections were negative. Selective occurrence in wintertime, literature review and the results of pathological and virological examinations suggested chemical deicer poisoning as the cause of wild bird death.doi:10.1292/jvms.70.607 pmid:18628602 fatcat:cu4rj3k3c5aj3n63efbcnyehhu