A proteomics approach for the identification of cullin-9 (CUL9) related signaling pathways in induced pluripotent stem cell models

Natalya A. Ortolano, Alejandra I. Romero-Morales, Megan L. Rasmussen, Caroline Bodnya, Leigh A. Kline, Piyush Joshi, Jon P. Connelly, Kristie L. Rose, Shondra M. Pruett-Miller, Vivian Gama, Michael Klymkowsky
2021 PLoS ONE  
CUL9 is a non-canonical and poorly characterized member of the largest family of E3 ubiquitin ligases known as the Cullin RING ligases (CRLs). Most CRLs play a critical role in developmental processes, however, the role of CUL9 in neuronal development remains elusive. We determined that deletion or depletion of CUL9 protein causes aberrant formation of neural rosettes, an in vitro model of early neuralization. In this study, we applied mass spectrometric approaches in human pluripotent stem
more » ... luripotent stem cells (hPSCs) and neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) to identify CUL9 related signaling pathways that may contribute to this phenotype. Through LC-MS/MS analysis of immunoprecipitated endogenous CUL9, we identified several subunits of the APC/C, a major cell cycle regulator, as potential CUL9 interacting proteins. Knockdown of the APC/C adapter protein FZR1 resulted in a significant increase in CUL9 protein levels, however, CUL9 does not appear to affect protein abundance of APC/C subunits and adapters or alter cell cycle progression. Quantitative proteomic analysis of CUL9 KO hPSCs and hNPCs identified protein networks related to metabolic, ubiquitin degradation, and transcriptional regulation pathways that are disrupted by CUL9 deletion in both hPSCs. No significant changes in oxygen consumption rates or ATP production were detected in either cell type. The results of our study build on current evidence that CUL9 may have unique functions in different cell types and that compensatory mechanisms may contribute to the difficulty of identifying CUL9 substrates.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0248000 pmid:33705438 fatcat:37ac36eq2zabjelamysmnosatm