Vacuum energy in the presence of a magnetic string with a delta function profile

Marco Scandurra
2000 Physical Review D, Particles and fields  
We present a calculation of the ground state energy of massive spinor fields and massive scalar fields in the background of an inhomogeneous magnetic string with potential given by a delta function. The zeta functional regularization is used and the lowest heat kernel coefficients are calculated. The rest of the analytical calculation adopts the Jost function formalism. In the numerical part of the work the renormalized vacuum energy as a function of the radius R of the string is calculated and
more » ... plotted for various values of the strength of the potential. The sign of the energy is found to change with the radius. For both scalar and spinor fields the renormalized energy shows no logarithmic behaviour in the limit R→ 0, as was expected from the vanishing of the heat kernel coefficient A_2, which is not zero for other types of profiles.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.62.085024 fatcat:fuyih2cjdfdfbprbh3k7gmqdpe