FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNITY BASED HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS PROJECTS IN MOMBASA COUNTY

James Makomere, Lucy Gichinga
2016 International Journal of Emerging Technology and Innovative Engineering   unpublished
Communities have always tried to organize themselves to plan, start and implement many projects of their own, without waiting to be probed by the government to do so. While some of these projects succeed, a considerable number of them fail along the way before achieving the intended goals. Reasons for the success of some of the projects, and failure of some of them are not quite clear. The basic idea behind this research was to bring to light the various factors that affect implementation of
more » ... mplementation of community based HIV/AIDS projects, within Mombasa County. The study had the following specific objectives: To assess organizational related factors affecting community based HIV projects, to determine socioeconomic factors affecting CBOs, to establish level of government involvement in community HIV/AIDS projects and to determine the level of community participation in CBO activities. The study adopted a descriptive survey design to collect primary data from primary sources at the place where the projects were being implemented. The list of CBOs implementing community based HIV/AIDs projects was obtained from the Mombasa District Gender and Social Office and this was used as a sampling frame for the study. 10% of the accessible population was considered adequate for descriptive study. Project members were selected by systematic random sampling techniques. The population for the project was 516 and the sample size 52. Questionnaires were used to collect data for the study by the researcher; these form the basis the finding.Descriptive statistics and Factor analysis method were used to analyse data through statistical package SPSS version 20.Principal Component Analysis, subsequent rotation (Varimax) was applied. Many correlations were in excess of 0.30 and both KMO and Bartlett's tests produced criteria that supported the IJETIE Vol. 2, Issue 3, March 2016 154 COPYRIGHT TO IJETIE application of PCA.All the five indicators on Organizational factors had a mean greater than 3 and an average of 4 which correspond to-agree‖ in the Likert scale. This shows that the Organizational factors playan important role in implementation of HIV by CBOs.The study revealed that socioeconomic factors specifically economic status and provision of incentives affects the implementation projects by CBOs. Government involvement as well as Community participation was also found to significantly affect the implementation of community based HIV projects.
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