Potassium wasting nephropathy in the setting of tizanidine overdose: a case report

Michael J Brucculeri, Juan Garcia
2021 Journal of Medical Case Reports  
Hypokalemia has been rarely attributed to tizanidine, although the precise mechanism is unclear. Severe hypokalemia is a well-established cause of abnormalities involving cardiac conduction. Given this agent's well-known cardiac arrhythmogenic potential, awareness of potential concomitant electrolyte abnormalities is important. Electrolyte disorders, including hypokalemia, are rare complications of the antispasmodic medicine tizanidine when taken in doses as outlined by the manufacturer's
more » ... ibing instructions. Although cases of severe hypokalemia have also been described in the literature in association with this agent, such reports are few. We report a Caucasian case of an intentional overdose involving a very large ingestion of tizanidine. In addition to the characteristic abnormalities on the electrocardiogram, our patient developed electrolyte derangements as well as self-limited acute kidney injury. These biochemical abnormalities included profound hypokalemia that was refractory to aggressive replacement over the ensuing several days, before eventually dissipating. A thorough assessment of the etiology of this hypokalemia was consistent with a defect in renal potassium handling. In our patient with intentional tizanidine overdose, severe and refractory hypokalemia appears to have been due to a transient potassium wasting nephropathy.
doi:10.1186/s13256-021-02811-8 pmid:33931107 fatcat:6fq23o6xvjhs5owztzw2qmoux4