Follicle Diameters, Egg Weight, and Egg Production Performance in Old Laying Hens Injected with Growth Hormone and Testosterone
J. Agr. Sci. Tech
Hen aging is accompanied by a disruption of productive performance, namely, egg production. The current study was carried out to investigate how exogenous Growth Hormone (GH) and Testosterone (Ts) change diameters of hierarchal follicles, egg weight, and egg production performance of old laying hens in the late phase of production. To this end, 160 HyLine W-36 laying hens (aged 73 weeks), were injected (single injection) with GH and Ts as follows: Treatment 1: 100 µL distilled water (control
... d water (control group); Treatment 2: 500 µg Ts kg-1 BodyWeight (BW)+50 µg GH kg-1 bodyweight ; Treatment 3: 500 µg Ts kg-1 BW+100 µg GH kg-1 BW, and Treatment 4: 500 µg Ts kg-1 BW+150 µg GH kg-1 BW. The experiment had four replicates and 10 birds in each replicate in a completely randomized design. The diameters of Small White Follicle (SWF), Large White Follicle (LWF), the First (F 1), Second (F 2) and Third (F 3) largest yellow follicles in treatment 3 were significantly larger than in the control group, in the second week after the injection. Hen-Day Egg Production percent (HDEP), egg mass, and Feed Intake (FI) of treatment 3 were significantly higher than all other groups, during the second week after the injection; besides, HDEP and FI in treatment 4 were significantly more than in the control group. These results suggest that in old laying hen, GH and Ts may positively influence follicular diameters and egg production performance.