DNA Methylation and Its Effect on Various Cancers: An Overview

Sabitha Vadakedath, Venkataramana Kandi
2016 Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis  
DNA methylation is a normal phenomenon which helps in gene expression, cell differentiation and is an inheritable process. Altered DNA methylation patterns in coding strands lead to epigenetic modification. These epigenetic changes enhances DNA adduct formation, somatic mutations and oncogene activation. During silencing of tumor suppressor genes, various genes/proteins involved in signaling pathways gets disturbed. These changes are reversible but if mutations occur they become irreversible.
more » ... ome irreversible. Hence early detection of these genes/proteins involved in epigenetic alterations may help in decreasing the associated changes in the body.
doi:10.4172/2155-9929.s2-017 fatcat:c7eprjw6qnaonllx5ksgbzdjq4