Prevalence and Factors Contributing to Depression and Anxiety among Cancer Patients

Fahd Elkhalloufi, Saber Boutayeb, Youssef Lamrani Alaoui, Fatima Saadan, Anass Nmari, Hassan Errihani
2022 Annals of Cancer Research and Therapy  
Many studies have found a high prevalence of depression and anxiety in cancer patients. Bio-psychosocial and economic factors are suspected to trigger depression and anxiety in cancer patients. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine the association between bio-socio-economic characteristics and depression/anxiety in Moroccan cancer patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which a convenience sample of 862 participants was recruited to complete questionnaires.
more » ... omic and medical characteristics were assessed. The HADS scale (Arabic version) was used to assess depression and anxiety. Univariate analysis, bivariate chi-square, and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine the data. Results: 40.8% of patients suffer from mild depression and 7.5% from severe depression. 34.7% suffer from mild anxiety and 10.1% from severe anxiety. Being younger, being female, having breast cancer or lung cancer, having metastatic cancer, pain, and smoking increase the risk of anxiety and depression. When taking economic characteristics into account, having a job, being on social security, and supporting family members decreased the risk of anxiety and depression. Conclusion: Among Moroccan cancer patients, being a woman, being younger, and having metastatic cancer are all factors that contributed to depression and anxiety. However, having employment, having social security, and having a good marital relationship may significantly contribute to lowering the chance of having anxiety and depression.
doi:10.4993/acrt.30.74 fatcat:jihwktmmpjf5zhdibjlz3v3kfu