Legal Protection for Consumers on the Circulation of Illegal Medicines in West Nusa Tenggara
Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference on Education and Social Science (ACCESS 2020)
This study aims to analyze the factors that cause illegal drug products to enter and circulate in West Nusa Tenggara, as well as to analyze the efforts to overcome the circulation of illegal medicinal products to protect consumers. This research is a normative empirical (socio-legal) study that examines various legal norms on drugs which are then combined with field studies. The approach used in addition to the normative approach is also sociological, thus the data source used is not only
... d is not only primary data but also secondary data. The results showed that the cause of the entry and circulation of illegal drugs in West Nusa Tenggara was due to weak regulations regarding the circulation of drugs. The limits of institutional authority in drug control in the field have not been regulated. In addition, the provisions of legal sanctions are also very light. Likewise, the role of institutions in monitoring drug distribution is also weak. The legal culture factor of society, especially the mentality of producers, distributors and consumers is also still weak. This is because their knowledge of the quality and safety standards of medicines is still low. Efforts to overcome the circulation of illegal drugs can be done in a preventive manner, such as improving regulations on the production, registration and awareness of drugs; The role of institutions in monitoring the circulation of medicinal products is not only carried out by BPOM but also by other institutions, both before drug products are marketed (pre-market) and after being marketed (post market); guidance and outreach need to be done to increase awareness and knowledge of drug producers, distributors and consumers. Furthermore, repressive law enforcement must be carried out through the imposition of sanctions for producers, distributors and use of illegal drugs, both administrative, civil and criminal sanctions.