Recent Advance on Vitamin D in Athletes

Jinkyung Cho, Soo-Hyun Park, Hong-Sun Song
2021 Exercise Science  
PURPOSE: Vitamin D plays important roles in calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. Since vitamin D receptors (VDRs) are located in a variety of organs, including skeletal muscle, vitamin D has potentially widespread effects. The purpose of this review was to summarize the current understanding of the effects of vitamin D on muscle function and exercise performance in athletes.METHODS: In this narrative review, we summarized previous studies by searching the literature in the PubMed, Google
more » ... olar, and Science Direct databases.RESULTS: Vitamin D has been shown to regulate multiple actions in skeletal muscle tissue, such as myocyte proliferation and growth via genomic and non-genomic molecular pathways. Higher levels of vitamin D are associated with improved skeletal muscle function and exercise performance. Moreover, in some studies, vitamin D supplementation has beneficial effects on muscle strength in athletes, especially those who are vitamin D-deficient.CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D appears to have beneficial effects on muscle and exercise performance in athletes. However, more studies are needed to clarify the action and dosage of vitamin D in athletes.
doi:10.15857/ksep.2021.30.3.278 fatcat:ykwd667yqvezrffmtp6jaqig3u