Roles of Gab1 and SHP2 in Paxillin Tyrosine Dephosphorylation and Src Activation in Response to Epidermal Growth Factor

Yuan Ren, Songshu Meng, Lin Mei, Z. Joe Zhao, Richard Jove, Jie Wu
2003 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) induces paxillin tyrosine dephosphorylation and Src activation, but the signaling pathways that mediate these responses were largely undefined. We found that Gab1, a docking protein for the SHP2 protein-tyrosine phosphatase in EGFstimulated cells, was associated with paxillin. SHP2 dephosphorylated paxillin and caused dissociation of Csk, a negative regulator of Src, from paxillin but had no effect on paxillin-Src association. A lower level of Src Tyr-530
more » ... c Tyr-530 phosphorylation was detected in paxillin-associated Src in EGF-stimulated cells. Expression of an SHP2 binding defective mutant of Gab1 (Gab1FF) or a catalytically inactive mutant of SHP2 (SHP2DN) prevented paxillin tyrosine dephosphorylation and Src activation induced by EGF. Importantly, Gab1FF blocked paxillin-SHP2 complex formation, Src Tyr-530 dephosphorylation, Erk activation, and cell migration induced by EGF. Inhibition of Src tyrosine kinase activity abrogated EGF-stimulated Erk activation and cell migration. Together, these results reveal that Gab1 recruits SHP2 to dephosphorylate paxillin, leading to dissociation of Csk from the paxillin-Src complex and Src activation and that Src is an SHP2 effector involved in EGF-stimulated Erk activation and cell migration.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m312575200 pmid:14665621 fatcat:3s6ltoyijvdshhwimtlcypst44