Sounds of Failure: Passive Acoustic Measurements of Excited Vibrational Modes

Theodore A. Brzinski, Karen E. Daniels
2018 Physical Review Letters  
Granular materials can fail through spontaneous events like earthquakes or brittle fracture. However, measurements and analytic models which forecast failure in this class of materials, while of both fundamental and practical interest, remain elusive. Materials including numerical packings of spheres, colloidal glasses, and granular materials have been known to develop an excess of low-frequency vibrational modes as the confining pressure is reduced. Here, we report experiments on sheared
more » ... ar materials in which we monitor the evolving density of excited modes via passive monitoring of acoustic emissions. We observe a broadening of the distribution of excited modes coincident with both bulk and local plasticity, and clear evolution in the shape of the distribution before and after bulk failure. These results provide a new interpretation of the changing state of the material on its approach to stick-slip failure.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.120.218003 pmid:29883186 fatcat:w66g5dolmjh4ddbqo6ujashcli