Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy accurately discriminates early and advanced grades of fatty liver in mice

Eduardo J Arista Romeu, Galileo Escobedo, Adriana Campos-Espinosa, Ivette Irais Romero-Bello, Javier Moreno-González, Diego A Fabila-Bustos, Alma Valor Reed, Suren Stolik Isakina, José Manuel de la Rosa Vázquez, Carolina Guzmán
2018 Journal of Biomedical Optics  
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) ranges from steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. Liver biopsy, considered the gold standard to diagnose NAFLD, shows significantly high rates of interobserver variability. Thus there is a need to develop tools that accurately categorize mild and advanced grades of steatosis in order to identify patients at higher risk of developing chronic liver disease. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) has proved to be useful in grading liver
more » ... brosis and cirrhosis, without having been implemented for steatosis. We aim to categorize early and advanced stages of liver steatosis in a methionine-choline deficient (MCD) mouse model. C57bl/6 mice are fed either methionine-choline control or MCD diet during 2 or 8 weeks to induce mild and advanced steatosis. Liver samples are obtained and steatosis is evaluated by oil red O staining. Diffuse reflectance spectra are directly measured on ex vivo liver specimens, in a wavelength range of 400 to 800 nm. DRS is able to discriminate between early or advanced steatosis and healthy hepatic tissue with negligible error while showing high average sensitivity and specificity (0.94 and 0.95, respectively). Our results suggest that liver steatosis can be accurately evaluated by DRS, highlighting the importance of applied spectroscopic methods in assessing NAFLD.
doi:10.1117/1.jbo.23.11.115005 pmid:30499266 fatcat:mbtvd7m6vbchfpg3aagiehrtcu