Platinum nanoparticle deposition on polymeric membranes for fuel cell applications

A J Moreira, S Lopera, N Ordonez, R D Mansano
2012 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
This work aimed to show an alternative to produce platinum nanoparticles directly on a polymeric membrane using plasma technique, in order to make these nanoparticles adhere to the membrane, in size, shape and homogeneity controlled by the process without damaging the polymeric material. In this manner the cell's production time is reduced since the catalyst is directly deposited on the polymeric membrane; the time of the process is approximately five minutes for each side of the membrane, and
more » ... he total time for each membrane is 10 minutes. With this exposure time, and the advantage of controlling the other parameters such as pressure, RF power, gas flow rate and temperature of the electrode, it was possible to obtain platinum nanoparticles with dimensions of about 50 nm scattered homogenously on the membrane, without damaging the structure of the polymeric material and, consequently, affecting its performance. Together with platinum nanoparticles were also deposited carbon nanoparticles, so that these acted as catalyst support, avoiding self poisoning. Electrochemical activity tests were performed to test the efficiency of the cell where it was exposed to different pressures and flow rates of O 2 and H 2 , reaching open-circuit voltage of 750 mVolts. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/370/1/012030 fatcat:ajwcydgoc5gmhlpgbutlc7e4sq