Inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase sensitizes ovarian cancer cells to carboplatin and allows adjunct chemotherapy treatment

S. D. Westfall, M. K. Skinner
2005 Molecular Cancer Therapeutics  
Signal transduction pathways associated with cancer progression and chemotherapeutic resistance are being investigated as molecular targets for chemotherapy. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway has been found to be frequently amplified and have increased activity in ovarian cancer. The current study investigates the efficacy of an antagonist of PI3K, LY294002, in inhibiting ovarian cancer cell growth and survival both in vitro and in vivo. The hypothesis tested is that inhibition
more » ... PI3K signaling makes ovarian cancer cells susceptible to the effects of platinum-based chemotherapy. Observations show that LY294002 is an effective inhibitor of ovarian cancer cell growth and survival in vitro. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling increased the sensitivity of ovarian cell cultures to the cytotoxic effects of carboplatin. The combined treatment of LY294002 and carboplatin was needed to optimally promote cellular apoptosis and decrease ovarian cancer cell survival in vitro. To extend these observations, a model involving in vivo i.p. growth of human ovarian tumors in a nude mouse was used. LY294002 in combination with carboplatin was more effective in inhibiting ovarian cancer cell xenograft growth than either agent alone. The results of this study suggest that the combined treatment of carboplatin and LY294002 can effectively decrease ovarian tumor progression and support the use of a PI3K inhibitor (e.g., LY294002) as an adjunct platinum-based drug therapy for treatment of ovarian cancer. [Mol Cancer Ther
doi:10.1158/1535-7163.mct-05-0192 pmid:16275998 fatcat:6meidfkbo5ccfdnqgoxmdoj3ne