In Situ Environmental Radioactivity Measurement in High–Dose Rate Areas Using a CdZnTe Semiconductor Detector [chapter]

Munehiko Kowatari, Takumi Kubota, Yuji Shibahara, Toshiyuki Fujii, Koichi Takamiya, Satoru Mizuno, Hajimu Yamana
2016 Radiological Issues for Fukushima's Revitalized Future  
For the purpose of determining a surface deposition density on soil for radio-cesiums, a CdZnTe (CZT) semiconductor detector whose crystal has dimensions of 1 cm cubic was applied to the in situ environmental radioactivity measurement in deeply contaminated areas in Fukushima region. Even in highdose rate areas where pulse height spectra weren't able to be properly obtained by the conventional high-purity Ge (Hp-Ge) semiconductor detector, proper pulse height spectra were obtained by the CZT
more » ... ector with certain accuracy. Results of deposition density on soil for 134 Cs and 137 Cs derived from net peak areas by the CZT detector seemed consistent, comparing with those measured by the Japanese government. Air kerma rates were estimated by the same pulse height spectra for determining surface deposition density on soil for radio-cesiums. Estimated results showed almost the same values as obtained by the NaI(Tl) scintillation survey meter. The results indicate that the CZT detector can be applied to rapid and simple in situ gamma ray radioactivity measurement in higher-dose rate areas whose dose rates exceed several tenth Sv h 1 . The study also strongly supports that the CZT detector is one promising candidate for the detector to be used for checking the effect of decontamination works and for long-term monitoring in heavily contaminated areas.
doi:10.1007/978-4-431-55848-4_11 fatcat:vmhz77vi3rexzmgtfhctymrohy