Evaluation of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on doxorubicin delivery in 2D and 3D cancer cell cultures

Miglė Paškevičiūtė, Indrė Januškevičienė, Kristina Sakalauskienė, Renaldas Raišutis, Vilma Petrikaitė
2020 Scientific Reports  
The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of low-intensity pulsed US on the delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) into MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer and A549 non-small cell lung cancer cell 2D and 3D cultures. US with pulse repetition frequency of 10 Hz and 1 MHz center frequency was generated with peak negative pressure of 0.5 MPa and 50% duty cycle. SonoVue microbubbles were used. Spheroids were formed using 3D Bioprinting method. DOX delivery in 2D and 3D cultures was assessed
more » ... res was assessed using fluorescence microscopy. US without the addition of microbubbles did not enhance the penetration of DOX into monolayer-cultured cells and tumor spheroids. In the presence of microbubbles US improved the delivery of DOX into the edge end middle zones of A549 and MDA-MB-231 spheroids. Application of low-intensity pulsed US in combination with microbubbles may be a promising approach to enhance the delivery of DOX into tumor spheroids.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-73204-y pmid:32999381 fatcat:4vlwc7mpubd6tllnazq3k25v3e