Graph-Based Resource Allocation with Conflict Avoidance for V2V Broadcast Communications [article]

Luis F. Abanto-Leon, Arie Koppelaar, Sonia Heemstra de Groot
<span title="2018-05-16">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this paper we present a graph-based resource allocation scheme for sidelink broadcast vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications. Harnessing available information on the geographical position of vehicles and spectrum resources utilization, eNodeBs are capable of allotting the same set of sidelink resources to several different vehicles in order for them to broadcast their signals. Hence, vehicles sharing the same resources would ideally be in different communications clusters for the
more &raquo; ... e level-generated due to resource repurposing-to be maintained under control. Within a communications cluster, it is crucial that vehicles transmit in orthogonal time resources to prevent conflicts as vehicles-with half-duplex radio interfaces--cannot transmit and receive simultaneously. In this research, we have envisaged a solution based on a bipartite graph, where vehicles and spectrum resources are represented by vertices whereas the edges represent the achievable rate in each resource based on the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) that vehicles perceive. The aforementioned constraint on time orthogonality of allocated resources can be approached by aggregating conflicting vertices into macro-vertices which, in addition, narrows the search space yielding a solution with computational complexity equivalent to the conventional graph matching problem. We show mathematically and through simulations that the proposed approach yields an optimal solution. In addition, we provide simulations showing that the proposed method outperforms other competing approaches, specially in scenarios with high vehicular density.
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