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2004, Ottawa, Canada August 1 - 4, 2004
In biodiesel preparation from vegetable oils and alcohol through transesterification process in the presence of a catalyst, excess alcohol, typically 100% more than the theoretical molar requirement, is used in existing batch and continuous-flow processes in order to drive the reversible transesterification reaction to a high enough conversion rate. The excess alcohol needs to be recovered in a separate process which involves additional operating and energy costs. In this study, a novel reactordoi:10.13031/2013.16949 fatcat:jzrx2dxdfjay5l6xqryykow564