Effect of Structural Changes Induced by Deletion of 54FLRAPSWF61 Sequence in αB-crystallin on Chaperone Function and Anti-Apoptotic Activity

Sundararajan Mahalingam, Srabani Karmakar, Puttur Santhoshkumar, Krishna K. Sharma
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Previously, we showed that the removal of the 54–61 residues from αB-crystallin (αBΔ54–61) results in a fifty percent reduction in the oligomeric mass and a ten-fold increase in chaperone-like activity. In this study, we investigated the oligomeric organization changes in the deletion mutant contributing to the increased chaperone activity and evaluated the cytoprotection properties of the mutant protein using ARPE-19 cells. Trypsin digestion studies revealed that additional tryptic cleavage
more » ... es become susceptible in the deletion mutant than in the wild-type protein, suggesting a different subunit organization in the oligomer of the mutant protein. Static and dynamic light scattering analyses of chaperone–substrate complexes showed that the deletion mutant has more significant interaction with the substrates than wild-type protein, resulting in increased binding of the unfolding proteins. Cytotoxicity studies carried out with ARPE-19 cells showed an enhancement in anti-apoptotic activity in αBΔ54–61 as compared with the wild-type protein. The improved anti-apoptotic activity of the mutant is also supported by reduced caspase activation and normalization of the apoptotic cascade components level in cells treated with the deletion mutant. Our study suggests that altered oligomeric assembly with increased substrate affinity could be the basis for the enhanced chaperone function of the αBΔ54–61 protein.
doi:10.3390/ijms221910771 pmid:34639110 fatcat:sombv2ev7bbbhib3qurlj7ruia