Transcriptomic and functional analysis of the oosome, a unique form of germ plasm in the wasp Nasonia vitripennis [article]

Honghu Quan, Jeremy A Lynch
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
The oosome is the germline determinant in the wasp Nasonia vitripennis and is homologous to the polar granules of Drosophila. Despite a common evolutionary origin and developmental role, the oosome is morphologically quite distinct from polar granules. It is a solid sphere that migrates within the cytoplasm before budding out and forming pole cells. Results: To gain an understanding of both the molecular basis of the novel form of the oosome, and the conserved essential features of germ plasm,
more » ... e quantified and compared transcript levels between embryo fragments that contained the oosome, and those that did not. The identity of the localized transcripts indicated that Nasonia uses different molecules to carry out conserved germ plasm functions. In addition, functional testing of a sample of localized transcripts revealed potentially novel mechanisms of ribonucleoprotein assembly and pole cell cellularization in the wasp. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that numerous novel and unexpected molecules have been recruited in order produce the unique characteristics of the oosome and pole cell formation in Nasonia. This work will serve as the basis for further investigation into the patterns of germline determinant evolution among insects, the molecular basis of extreme morphology of ribonucleoproteins, and the incorporation of novel components into developmental networks.
doi:10.1101/384032 fatcat:2jvz5egikvf3lhxk7jgwj5lhxi